Saponin from Gypsophila oldhamiana
- Hemolytic Index: 25000 (European Pharmacopoeia)
- Saponin content: >70 % (Orcinol-sulphuric acid reaction, Flammang et al. 2010)
- Glucose concentration in 10 % saponin solution: <16 mg/dL
- Nonionic surfactant
Saponins are amphiphilic glycosides widely distributed in nature. Saponins from the Gypsophila species have long been known to exhibit hemolytic activity in very low concentrations. This product is a mixture of the saponins with the highest hemolytic activity from the roots of Gypsophila oldhamiana. The saponin content of the product has been determined to be at least 70 %.
Some saponins from Gypsophila oldhamiana have been shown to have pancreatic lipase-inhibiting (Zheng et al.), α-glucosidase-inhibiting as well as adjuvant activities (Kong et al.).